The world of programming is a very diverse area where each programming language has its own specific advantages as well as disadvantages. If you are new to programming or planning to take up a career in the field, but don’t know which language you should learn, and want to know the most lucrative programming languages, this article can serve as your guide in choosing the specific programming language that is best suited for you.
As previously mentioned, each language has its pros and its cons. Some languages can be learned easily and can provide a good base for other languages that you might want to learn in the future, although they might not necessarily be the highest paying programming languages. Other languages can be a bit more complicated for beginners but are definitely worth the time and effort to learn since those languages are the best paying programming languages around.
High Paying Languages Suitable for Beginners
One programming language that is highly advisable for beginners is C/C++. What is C/C++? What’s the difference between C and C++? For starters, C++ is somewhat of an extension of C. C is an overall computer programming language that has the capability to support structured programming. It was originally developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie during the development of the UNIX operating system. UNIX is an operating system that was also developed by Ritchie, along with long time colleague Ken Thompson. It provides a set of simple tools that can each perform a specific function along with a centralized file system for communication and a shell scripting and command language in order to do complex instructions.
C Language also provides a connection for machine instructions used in developing operating systems and other applications. In other words, most programming languages today are loosely based on C. One example is C++. C++ was developed in 1979 by Bjarne Stroustrup as an all around programming language. It is basically an extension of C but with some added features such as classes, in-lining, and default arguments. C++ inherited almost all features of C language and added other paradigms like object-oriented programming.
Although C and C++ are almost the same, learning C++ is a bit more complicated due to its other features. It’s advisable to learn C first as it makes any beginner learn other languages faster. In terms of salary, C and C++ programming don’t pay the same rates. Since C++ is a bit more complicated than C, it can offer roughly $90,000-$110,000 while C developers can earn $80,000-$90,000. Although they may differ in rates, both are still on the list of best paying programming languages. So if you’re looking to learn a language that can give you easy understanding to other languages, C/C++ is the language for you.
Although Java can be run on any platform that supports it, it’s still a developing language despite its popularity. But nevertheless, it’s a good programming language for beginners to learn. It also pays an average of $90,000 which gives it a spot as one of the highest paying programming languages. Java is the programming language suitable for you if you want to learn a programming language similar to C++ but with fewer complications.
The next programming language on the list of best paying programming languages and suitable to learn for beginners is Ruby. Ruby is also a bit like C++. It is a dynamic, object-oriented, all round programming language. It was developed in 1995 by Yukihiro Matsumoto.
Ruby has the capability to support functional, object-oriented, imperative and other programming paradigms. It also supports multiple memory management. It is easy to understand, given the fact that it is a high level programming language. This means that using Ruby is akin to adding hot water to ready to eat food, and you are done, while other languages such as C can be likened buying groceries, preparing the ingredients, and then cooking your meal. Although Ruby may be easy to use, it is a bit difficult to understand and install in the beginning. However, once you get the hang of it, it will be a walk in the park. In a way, Ruby is like Python, another language which we will discuss later. Ruby developers earn roughly $90,000 annually. If you want an easy to understand language but can also give powerful features, choose Ruby.
For the next language in our list of best paying programming languages, Python has earned its slot. Python is an open-source general-purpose interpreted programming language. It also supports object-oriented, imperative and functional programming paradigms. It was developed in 1991 by Guido van Rossum to offer constructs meant for enabling programs on both small and large scales.
In some ways, Python is similar to Ruby. For one, it also features a dynamic type system and supports automatic memory management. Both Ruby and Python are heavily object-oriented, which means that it’s difficult to develop something without dealing in objects and classes. Although Ruby and Python may sound similar, they still have distinct differences in semantics, how they are executed, and on syntax. Python’s goal on syntax is to make everything clear and easy to understand as much as possible which makes its syntax a bit strict to avoid symbol usage that could confuse other developers working on the same project.
Ruby, however, is not as strict as Python. This means that you can put multiple statements on a single line without indenting restrictions. This kind of syntax is a bit similar to Perl, which we will discuss next. Another difference is that Ruby is an interpreted language while Python compiles code on a virtual machine, which is kind of similar to Java, making it better than Ruby in terms of efficiency. Nevertheless, Python is still a currently developing and trending programming language. Python developers earn about $100,000 a year. So if you want to learn an easy to understand language with powerful features, and more importantly, one of the highest paying programming languages around, Python is the one for you.
The next language on the list, has to be PERL. What is PERL? PERL is actually an acronym that stands for Practical Extraction and Reporting Language. It is a programming language developed by Larry Wall in 1987 that combines the syntax of several UNIX utilities and languages. PERL’s function is to handle a group of system administrator functions and provide string handling functions. It is also widely used in writing web server programs such as automatically updating user accounts, processing removal requests, database synchronization, report generating and other web related services.
Although PERL supports a multi-programming structure, it does not carry out object-oriented programming well. It also has bad syntax. This means that it is not easy to understand at first. When compared to other programming languages such as Python, its efficiency rating is a bit poor. It is, however, an extremely powerful programming language and it is also versatile. This means it is good for file manipulation. It is also useful in pattern matching, regular expressions, and string manipulations. It is a bit difficult to learn if you are a beginner but it still pays an average salary of around $80,000, making it one of the best paying programming languages.
Next on the list is Objective C. It is a bit similar to C++. It is also an all around, object-oriented programming language. It was developed by Brad Cox and Tom Love in 1983 as the core language to be used by neXT for its operating system from which OS X and iOS were derived. Objective C is the main programming language used by Apple for the OS X and iOS, and other application programming interfaces or APIs. If you’re a beginner and want to learn Objective C, one advantage you’ll get is that you get to learn C and the object-oriented concepts of Objective C. Another benefit is that since Objective C’s object-oriented concept is loosely based on SmallTalk, the first OOP language ever developed, you can easily understand the idea of OOP concepts when compared to those who are beginning with Java or C++.
One more advantage is that you get to develop iOS apps. You can create apps based on sensors like cameras and more. This is an interesting advantage to keep beginners and help them come up with new ideas to develop. Although a disadvantage of this language is that if you want to use Objective C in developing iOS apps, you will probably need a Mac. Other than that, you can still learn everything else. So in general, with an average salary of around $108,000 (making it one of the best paying programming languages) and a thirst for iOS and OS X development, Objective C is the perfect language for you.
Next on the list of the best paying programming languages is C#. C# is also an object-oriented programming language. Developed in 2000 by Microsoft, it was intended to match the computing power of C++ with the help of some features similar to those of Java. C# is also one of the programming languages designed for the Common Language Infrastructure or CLI. CLI is an open specification language also developed by Microsoft that describes executable code plus a runtime environment that allows multiple high-level programming languages to be used on cross platforms without the need to be rewritten for specific architectures.
Microsoft’s aim in designing C# is to facilitate the exchange and communication of information and services over the web, and to allow programmers to develop highly portable applications. This means that developers can create applications that can run over any platform. For someone who wants to start a career in programming, an advantage of learning C# as a first language is that it is also based on C, just like Objective C and C++. Thus, the concepts that you learn from C# can also be transferable to other OOP languages like Java, C++, and Objective C.
Another advantage is that C#, together with Java, is considered one of the top languages that are highly in demand among employers. Likewise the IDE or Integrated Development Environment (a software app that provides functionalities to computer software programmers) used by C#, Visual Studio, is considered one of the best IDEs today. These advantages are very interesting for a beginner but in terms of disadvantages, some professional tools used for C# application development are not free. But then again, there are some tools that you can always find on the internet that are free. C# developers also earn roughly about $90,000, giving it a spot as one of the best paying programming languages used.
Last but not least on our list of best paying programming languages is R. The popularity of R may not be significant when compared to others on the list such as Java or C, but R developers can about $90,000 per year, making it one of the highest paying programming jobs.
So what is R? R is a programming language mainly used for statistical computations and graphics. It was designed by John Chambers and his colleagues in 1993 to help statisticians and data miners in data analysis, surveys, polls and more. R’s environment mostly includes efficient data handling and storage facilities, operators for calculations, a wide set of tools for data analysis, and a well-versed, yet it is a simple programming language containing conditionals, loops, recursive functions and I/O facilities, just like any other programming language. In short, R is like a system mainly used for statistical operations, data analysis, and integrated calculations. So if you’re a beginner who wants to learn programming and work in the field of statistics, you should try R.
But remember, in learning a programming language, you must first try to know what language you think suits you most or what language you think suits your style most. Decide from there and start your journey in the world of programming. And also, never forget your passion in programming because no programmer ever became an expert without passion in what he/she is doing. No matter what language you are learning, no matter what language you are using, always put your heart and passion into it.
In the end, whatever language you choose, it’s your passion to learn and to create something useful that matters. Any language can give you a high paying job but you first have to learn to be an excellent programmer. This means that as long as you have that passion for learning something new and becoming better at what you’re doing, you can become a highly paid programmer in no time. It is the thirst step to learning and becoming better that makes the best programmers in the world. Who knows, maybe someday, you could be one of those people.